Crystal Clear Designs

Rate this item
(0 votes)

Winter slows the primal routines of nature. Trees shed delicate, food-​factory leaves before they freeze. Forests subsist on sugar hived in roots protected from the cold by the consistently above-​freezing deep soils.


Tender wildflowers abandon all life above ground. Small creatures build their own larders — caches of autumn’s bounty gathered and stashed underground out of the reach of gelid airs.

The inorganic elements of the land are also subject to winter’s frigid power. Water, from dripping seeps and coursing rivulets, streams and rivers is subject to the basic laws of physics enforced by freezing winds.

When deep ground water seeps through porous rock and meets winter air, its elemental building blocks slow their atomic dance, and water becomes ice. From rock ledges, one drop after another, after another, crystallizes into hanging hyaline drapery. Massive crystal monuments add an elegant highlight to the stark season.

The cold also exerts its slowing force on flowing waters. From edges of streams where the water is still, thin sheets of ice reach out toward the faster mid-​channel flow. Deeper waters still swirl and eddy below a crystalline cover, but the cold inevitably triumphs. And if winter is strong enough, the streams freeze solid and deep.

My winter walks are highlighted by pleasure-​filled views of the crystal abstractions of ice-​stilled water. Swirls, waves, captured air bubbles, irregular lines and bumpy ripples are sculpted around every rock. The ice sheet is diamond clear to foam white, punctuated with dark openings allowing views of the stream bottom.

Each aquatic edge is as unique as the snowflakes accumulating on the terrestrial forest floor to my back. There, too, lies winter’s signature alchemy, issuing forth dainty crystals and lechatelierite-​like sheets from simple drops of water.


Paul G. Wiegman

Paul is a photographer, writer and naturalist. Trained as a botanist, he has been active in conservation for 40 years. His photography has appeared in publications, including The New York Times, National Geographic and Time-​Life and Readers Digest Books.

Explore Related Stories:

Other stories in this category: « Bear Run The urban bear »
Close Window Welcome to Pittsburgh Quarterly
Keep up with the latest

Sign up for our Newsletter, Pittsburgh Quarterly This Week.

We’ll keep in touch, but only when we think there’s something worth sharing. To receive exclusive Pittsburgh Quarterly news and stories, please fill out the form below. Be sure to check your email for a link to confirm your subscription!

View past newsletters here.

Don’t miss a story! Sign up for our newsletter to receive award-​winning journalism in your inbox.

Please let us know your name.
Invalid Input
Please let us know your email address.
Invalid Input