Pittsburgh’s average Composite Cost of Living Index for the 2nd quarter of 2018 was 98.4, below the benchmark average of 107.4. Transportation costs in the Pittsburgh region were the highest Cost of Living component at 106.5. Health care costs in Pittsburgh were the fourth-lowest among all benchmark regions at 91.7. The health care component component is based on the costs of various doctor visits as well as the price of prescription drugs. The Cost of Living Index measures relative price levels for consumer goods and services in participating areas. The average for all participating places, both metropolitan and nonmetropolitan, equals 100, and each participant’s index is read as a percentage of the average for all places.